each、every-any-either的区别、用法、具体解答、练习及练习详解(敢说网上最具体、最透彻的)

 时间:2021-04-27  贡献者:allen-un.com

导读:every-any-either的区别,用法,详细解答,练习及练习详解(敢说网上最,each 和 every 都有“每个”的意思,但它们在用法上有所不同▲each 着重于个别的含义。every 着重于全体的含义,和 all 的意思相近。例如: Each student has an English book. 每个学生都有一本

every-any-either的区别,用法,详细解答,练习及练习详解(敢说网上最
every-any-either的区别,用法,详细解答,练习及练习详解(敢说网上最

each 和 every 都有“每个”的意思,但它们在用法上有所不同▲each 着重于个别的含义。

every 着重于全体的含义,和 all 的意思相近。

例如: Each student has an English book. 每个学生都有一本英语书。

Every student must study well. 每个学生都必须好好学习。

第二个例句中的 every student 相当于 all the students▲each 能够用来指两或两个以上的人或东西,但 every 却总是三个以上的人或东西,不能指 两个。

如:能够说 each of my eyes, 不可说 every one of my eye 但可说 every one of my toes(脚 趾) 。

试译: 街道两旁有许多商店。

误:There are many shops on every side of the street. 正:There are many shops on each side of the street.误:I gave a present to every one of her parents . 正:I gave a present to each of her parents .▲a day=each day(≠every day) ①牛津高阶中:every 的解释:to refer to groups of three or more which are seen as wholes 与单数可数名词连用, 指至少三个, 视为一整体) 每个; 所有的; 一切的: Every child in the class passed the examination. 班上所有的学生考试都及格了. * I've gotevery record she has ever made. 我已得到她灌的所有的唱片. * I couldn't hear every word of his speech. 他讲的话并非每句我都能听到. * He examined every item in the set carefully. 他仔 细检查了这一套中的各项.② each :every individual member (of a group) 每个: each of the boys, books, buildings 每 个男孩﹑ 每本书﹑ 每座建筑物 * Each of them phoned to thank me. 他们每个人都打电话来 向我道谢. * Each of us has a company car. 我们每人都有一辆公司的汽车. I'll see each of you separately. 我要分别地见你们每一个人. He gave us 5 each. 他给我们每人 5 英镑.③综上,each day 和 every day 不是一个意思,换句话说能用 each day 的地点不能用 every day; 能用 every day 的地点不能用 each day. Women generally use up about 2000 calories a day (=each day) . Since I had the accident, I've learned to take each day as it comes.(强调“每一天”,不能换成 every day) Let's go out and celebrate. After all, it's not every day you get a new job. Every day is a new day.▲ every 只能是形容词,用作定语,each 既可用作形容词,又可用作代词,在句中能够作 定语,主语、宾语、同位语、状语等。

如能够说 each of these dictionaries 或 each one of these dictionaries, 但不能说 every of these dictionaries, 该用 every one of these dictionaries。

Each student has his own dictionary . (形容词,定语)每个学生都有自个儿的字典。

Every member has a share in the profits made by the company 每个会员可分享公司的盈利。

(形容词) Each has his good point . (代词,主语)各人有各自的优点。

Our head teacher had a talk with each of us.(代词,宾语)我们的班主任与我们每个人都谈了话。

The students each have a desk . (代词,同位语)学生们每人有一张书桌。

The children can have a bag each . (副词,状语)小孩们每人可带一只提包。

试译: 每个人都有自个儿的名字。

误:Every has his own name. 正:Each has his own name.▲ each 通常用来指若干固定数目中的每一个,而 every 往往指“任何一个”如: Each girl sitting over there is my student. “坐在那儿的每一女小孩”指若干固定数目中的每一 个,故用 each。

Every man must do his best. “人人都尽最大的努力”泛指任何一个人,因而用 every。

▲ every 和 not 连用,即“every…not”或“not…every”构成部分否定,表示“并非每一个” 的意思,而 each 则不能够与 not 连用。

☆全部否定是 no one ,意思是“个个都不”、“没有 人”等。

例如:人人都不喜爱那个电视剧。

[误]Each / Everyone / Every one of them doesn’t like the TV play . [正]No one likes the TV play .(no one“没有人”、“没有谁”)▲ every+ 基数词+ 复数名词=every+ 序数词+ 单数名词,作“每(多少)”解,但 each 不能用于这一结构中。

如: every three days 每三天或每隔两天,相当于 every third day。

☆every two days, every second day 都作“每隔一天”解,但在实际应用中人们都用 every otherday 来表示这一意思,every two days 也有人讲,而 every second day 则少用的。

every other line(每隔一行)。

They’ll choose one out of every ten girls .他们将在每十个小姐里挑选一个。

We hand in our homework every three days .我们每隔两天(每三天)交一次作业。

☆Last autumn I spent a week at a big hotel in London, where every room is the same size and hasthe same furniture, and looks just like______ other room.(本题改编自高考完型填空题)A .allB. eachC. someD. every本题正确答案是 D,侧重考查 every other+单数名词的另一用法,意为“其他的……(每个)都……”。

☆也能够说 every few days, 相当于汉语的“隔些生活”。

▲ each 单独作主语或 each、every 修饰的单数名词作主语时,谓语动词为单数形式,但 each of them 作主语时,谓语动词用单数或复数形式都能够。

例如: Each / Each person / Every person is living a happy life now .人人都过着幸福生活。

Each of them are / is wearing full dress .他们个个都身着盛装。

▲ each 与 other 可构成相互代词,every 则不能够。

例如: We should take care of each other and help each other .我们应该互相关怀,互相关心。

▲在 each 和 every 通用的场合里,every 的语气比 each 重,例如在下句中,用 every 比较适 合,因为它的语势较强:Every form of society,every way of thinking has its particular contradiction and particular quality.每一种社会形态和每一种思想形式,都有它的非凡的矛盾和非凡的性质。

▲有时候,人们为了加重语气,有意把 each 和 every 用在一起。

例如: The professor wants each and every student to be present before eight o'clock.▲值得注重的是,each 不能够和否定式的动词连用,例如,我们不能够说:Each did not succeed.而应说: Each failed.表示 each 的否定涵义用语是:neither,no one 或 not every one. 如: Neither(or Not every one)of them was in good health.▲指上下文提到过的确定数目中的“每一个”时,要用 each;假如上下文没有提及时,不 能用 each,要用 everyone 等。

试译:我感觉这三个答案个个都正确。

[误]I think every answer of the three is right . [正]I think each of the three answers is right .我看见人人都忙着工作。

[误]I saw each was busy with his work . [正]I saw everyone was busy with his work .▲each 和 any 的区别 Each 通常用于确信句中,意为“每一个”,表示否定时要用 none(一个都不); Any 指三个或三个以上的人或事中的“任何一个”。

in any case“在任何情况下” 不管如何,总之▲each 指所提到的人、事物每一个都...,说明每个个体基本上一样的情况,强调个体。

比 如 When arriving,each of you will get a card from the guide. 每个人的结果基本上一 样的,都会得到一张卡片。

而 any 是任何的意思。

提问的时候具有不确定性。

Is there anyone who can answer my question? 有没有任何一个人能回答我的问题? 大概有人能回答,但没有人能说哪一个人 就一定能回答或者一定不能回答。

every 也是说每个人,但与 each 相比,我觉得它更强调整体性。

譬如我们经常打招呼 Hello,everyone! 大概更多是向在眼前的一大群人那个整体表示友好的问候。

然而 each 和 every 的确是差别小。

比如 Each time I got there, the bus had always gone. 把 each 换成 every 是没有问题的。

比如:①Remember to bring your red tickets for lunch. We’ll have lunch at a restaurant near the lake and you must have your ticket or you won’t get any lunch.你没有任何午餐可吃。

而不是,你没有每一个午餐可吃。

②Being part of a family means everyone tries to make life better for each other. Arguments happen and that’s OK. But with love, understanding, and some work, families can solve almost any problem. 家庭几乎能够解决任何问题,假如有爱、理解 和一些努力。

③再比如老师让学生看 warming-up 部分的几张图,同时说了如下的话: “Each picture shows something a person did in the past.Name each activity and ask students to repeat; Went to the mountains,went to New York City, went to summer camp,visited my uncle,stayed at home,went to the beach,visited museums.”“每一幅图都表明了一个人在过去做过的情况。

说出每一个活动的名称同时让学生重复 老师的话…”有同学大概要问那个地点的两个 each 能否换成 every。

回答是:不能够。

缘由是:each 通常 用来指若干固定数目中的每一个,而 every 往往指“任何一个”如: Each girl sitting over there is my student. “坐在那儿的每一女小孩”指若干固定数目中的每一 个,故用 each。

Every man must do his best. “人人都尽最大的努力”泛指任何一个人,因而用 every。

显然,课本的 warming-up 有几幅图是固定的数目,不是泛指。

④Each team scored twice and the game ended in a tie. (那个地点的 each 指代的是两者中的每一 个)每个队都有两次得分,竞赛不分胜败。

★—Which of the three ways shall l take to the village?—______ way as you please. A EachB EveryC AnyD Either选 C. 表示“任一”的意思,就要在 C 和 D 选项中挑选,any 表示“三者之中的任一”;either 表示“两者之中的任一”。

either 是在两者中挑选的,题目表示要在三条路中挑选一条;而 each 指的是每一条,而不是“任一条”,不大概告诉对方说“你每一条都走”。

因此最后来选 C。

【同样的题目见下面第 5、6 题】★._________ professional violinist practices for several hours a day,but_______violinist has his own way of playing the Beethoven concert.A.Each;every B.Every;each C.All;every D.Either;every 答案 B 解析:什么原因第二个空不是 any 而是 each 呢?each 意思是“每一个”,而 any 的意思“任一个”,显然是每个小提琴手都有他自个儿的方式去演绎、诠释。

【同样的题目见下面第 7 题】【EXERCISES】1. 【典型考例】These plants are watered ________ . (2001 北京春) A. each other day B. every other day C. each of two days D. every of two days2. If you want to change for a double room you'll have to pay _________$15. (NMET•2000, 16)A. anotherB. otherC. moreD. each3.(2010 重庆 23) He had lost his temper and his health in the war and never found_________of them again.A. neither B. either C. each D. all☆4.(陕西省户县三中 2010 届高三第二次月考)Although he is wise and intelligent, he fails to be elected as the manager. After all, _____ men can be masters.A. not everyB eachC allD not all5.(山东省诸城一中 2010 届高三 10 月月考)

—Which of the three boards shall I take to my mother? —________board as you please.A. Each B. Every C. Any D. Either6. (08 成都市高中毕业班第一次诊断性检测)—Excuse me, which of the three buses shall I take to the People’s Park?—__________ one as you please.A.EachB.EveryC.Any D.Either7. —Where can we spend our Christmas holiday this year? —Oh,if it agrees with you,we can go to________of the southern cities. A.all B.any C.each D.another8.—Where can I tie the horse? —Oh, you can tie it to _____ of the trees. A. both B. every C. each D. either9.(09 山东省青岛市高三教学统一质量检测) —Where did you get your laptop? I’d like to get one.—Well, at_______shop on Avenue 48, but I can’t say exactly.A.some B.any C.eachD.every10. Several days later I received another postcard, this one delivering news about Maybelline, Mabel’s cousin.Soon after, another card arrived and then another, _______full of news of different people.A. oneB. eachC. either D. bothKeys: 1. B。

解析:every 与数词连用,表示“每……;每隔……”,可指时刻或空间上的间隔,其结构常用“every +基数词 + 复数名词”,也可用“every +序数词 + 单数名词”。

every other 的意思是“每隔一……”,后接 单数名词。

2. A . pay another $ 15=pay $15 more 意为“再付 15 美元”。

3. 答案 B 考点:考查代词。

解析:由“his temper and health”能够排除 D 项,由后面的 never 表否定,排除 B 现,因为如前文所述,“each 不能够和否定式的动词连用”。

never either 是全部否定,相当于 neither 。

4. 答案 D 解析:此题非凡多人会想当然的挑选 A 项,缘由是没有看到空格后是 men,不是 man。

假如空格处是 man, 答案一定是 A 了。

此题选 D 项。

not every man=not all men, 基本上部分否定。

5.C 6.C 7. B 第 5、6、7 解析见前文讲解。

8.D 一匹马只能是被栓在任一(any)棵树上,而不是每一棵(each)树上,以此来排除 B、C 选项。

A项 both,两者不能够。

D 项“两者任一”,暗示就有两棵树。

注:本题为增加难度,专门 trees 前的 two 给省去了,但不阻碍答案的挑选,只是难度加大了非凡多。

9. 答案 A 解析:那个地点的 some :“某一个” 10. 答案:B。

“每一(封信)”的意思。

each full of news of different people 为独立主格

 
 

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